Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution
AbstractDispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a challenge for their application in the resulting matrixes. The present study conducted a comparison investigation of the effect of four surfactants: Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene ether (APEO), Silane modified polycarboxylate (Silane-PCE), I-Cationic polycarboxylate (I-C-PCE), and II-Cationic polycarboxylate (II-C-PCE) on the dispersion of hydroxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs–OH). Among the four surfactants, APEO and II-C-PCE provide the best and the worst dispersion effect of CNTs in water, respectively. Dispersion effect of MWCNTs–OH has been characterized by optical microscope (OM), field emission-scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis).The OM images are well consistent with the UV–Vis results. Based on the chemical molecular structures of the four surfactants, the mechanism of MWCNTs–OH dispersion in water was investigated. For each kind of surfactant, an optimum surfactant/MWCNTs–OH ratio has been determined. This ratio showed a significant influence on the dispersion of MWCNTs–OH. Surfactant concentration higher or lower than this value can weaken the dispersion quality of MWCNTs–OH. View Full-Text
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Cui, H.; Yan, X.; Monasterio, M.; Xing, F. Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 262.
Cui H, Yan X, Monasterio M, Xing F. Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution. Nanomaterials. 2017; 7(9):262.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cui, Hongzhi; Yan, Xiantong; Monasterio, Manuel; Xing, Feng. 2017. "Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution." Nanomaterials 7, no. 9: 262.
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