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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(9), 262; doi:10.3390/nano7090262

Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
2
Shenzhen Advanced Civil Engineering Technology, Association Research Center, Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology, Shenzhen 518172, China
3
State Key Lab of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2017 / Revised: 23 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Experimental Nanosciences, Computational Chemistry, and Data Analysis)
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Abstract

Dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a challenge for their application in the resulting matrixes. The present study conducted a comparison investigation of the effect of four surfactants: Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene ether (APEO), Silane modified polycarboxylate (Silane-PCE), I-Cationic polycarboxylate (I-C-PCE), and II-Cationic polycarboxylate (II-C-PCE) on the dispersion of hydroxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs–OH). Among the four surfactants, APEO and II-C-PCE provide the best and the worst dispersion effect of CNTs in water, respectively. Dispersion effect of MWCNTs–OH has been characterized by optical microscope (OM), field emission-scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis).The OM images are well consistent with the UV–Vis results. Based on the chemical molecular structures of the four surfactants, the mechanism of MWCNTs–OH dispersion in water was investigated. For each kind of surfactant, an optimum surfactant/MWCNTs–OH ratio has been determined. This ratio showed a significant influence on the dispersion of MWCNTs–OH. Surfactant concentration higher or lower than this value can weaken the dispersion quality of MWCNTs–OH. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotube; surfactant; dispersibility; stability; ultrasonic; UV–Vis; surface modification carbon nanotube; surfactant; dispersibility; stability; ultrasonic; UV–Vis; surface modification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cui, H.; Yan, X.; Monasterio, M.; Xing, F. Effects of Various Surfactants on the Dispersion of MWCNTs–OH in Aqueous Solution. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 262.

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