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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(4), 77; doi:10.3390/nano7040077

siRNA Delivery Strategies: A Comprehensive Review of Recent Developments

1
Use-Inspired Biomaterials & Integrated Nano Delivery (U-BiND) Systems Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour University (A Central University), Sagar 470003, India
3
Molecular Therapeutics Program, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 4 January 2017 / Revised: 7 March 2017 / Accepted: 31 March 2017 / Published: 5 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Gene Therapy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4808 KB, uploaded 5 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

siRNA is a promising therapeutic solution to address gene overexpression or mutations as a post-transcriptional gene regulation process for several pathological conditions such as viral infections, cancer, genetic disorders, and autoimmune disorders like arthritis. This therapeutic method is currently being actively pursued in cancer therapy because siRNA has been found to suppress the oncogenes and address mutations in tumor suppressor genes and elucidate the key molecules in cellular pathways in cancer. It is also effective in personalized gene therapy for several diseases due to its specificity, adaptability, and broad targeting capability. However, naked siRNA is unstable in the bloodstream and cannot efficiently cross cell membranes besides being immunogenic. Therefore, careful design of the delivery systems is essential to fully utilize the potential of this therapeutic solution. This review presents a comprehensive update on the challenges of siRNA delivery and the current strategies used to develop nanoparticulate delivery systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: siRNA; nanoparticles; delivery systems; cancer therapy; tumor; RNAi; gene delivery; targeted delivery siRNA; nanoparticles; delivery systems; cancer therapy; tumor; RNAi; gene delivery; targeted delivery
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Tatiparti, K.; Sau, S.; Kashaw, S.K.; Iyer, A.K. siRNA Delivery Strategies: A Comprehensive Review of Recent Developments. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 77.

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