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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(2), 44; doi:10.3390/nano7020044

Recent Advances in Research on the Synthetic Fiber Based Silica Aerogel Nanocomposites

Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Structural Engineering, Piotrowo 5 street, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 24 October 2016 / Revised: 30 January 2017 / Accepted: 9 February 2017 / Published: 16 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textiles Nanotechnology)
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Abstract

The presented paper contains a brief review on the synthesis and characterization of silica aerogels and its nanocomposites with nanofibers and fibers based on a literature study over the past twenty years and my own research. Particular attention is focused on carbon fiber-based silica aerogel nanocomposites. Silica aerogel is brittle in nature, therefore, it is necessary to improve this drawback, e.g., by polymer modification or fiber additives. Nevertheless, there are very few articles in the literature devoted to the synthesis of silica aerogel/fiber nanocomposites, especially those focusing on carbon fibers and nanofibers. Carbon fibers are very interesting materials, namely due to their special properties: high conductivity, high mechanical properties in relation to very low bulk densities, high thermal stability, and chemical resistance in the silica aerogel matrix, which can help enhance silica aerogel applications in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: silica aerogel nanocomposites; sol-gel synthesis; ambient pressure drying; supercritical drying; fibers reinforcement silica aerogel nanocomposites; sol-gel synthesis; ambient pressure drying; supercritical drying; fibers reinforcement
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Ślosarczyk, A. Recent Advances in Research on the Synthetic Fiber Based Silica Aerogel Nanocomposites. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 44.

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