Controlled Mechanical Cracking of Metal Films Deposited on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)
AbstractStretchable large area electronics conform to arbitrarily-shaped 3D surfaces and enables comfortable contact to the human skin and other biological tissue. There are approaches allowing for large area thin films to be stretched by tens of percent without cracking. The approach presented here does not prevent cracking, rather it aims to precisely control the crack positions and their orientation. For this purpose, the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is hardened by exposure to ultraviolet radiation (172 nm) through an exposure mask. Only well-defined patterns are kept untreated. With these soft islands cracks at the hardened surface can be controlled in terms of starting position, direction and end position. This approach is first investigated at the hardened PDMS surface itself. It is then applied to conductive silver films deposited from the liquid phase. It is found that statistical (uncontrolled) cracking of the silver films can be avoided at strain below 35%. This enables metal interconnects to be integrated into stretchable networks. The combination of controlled cracks with wrinkling enables interconnects that are stretchable in arbitrary and changing directions. The deposition and patterning does not involve vacuum processing, photolithography, or solvents. View Full-Text
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Polywka, A.; Stegers, L.; Krauledat, O.; Riedl, T.; Jakob, T.; Görrn, P. Controlled Mechanical Cracking of Metal Films Deposited on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 168.
Polywka A, Stegers L, Krauledat O, Riedl T, Jakob T, Görrn P. Controlled Mechanical Cracking of Metal Films Deposited on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Nanomaterials. 2016; 6(9):168.Chicago/Turabian Style
Polywka, Andreas; Stegers, Luca; Krauledat, Oliver; Riedl, Thomas; Jakob, Timo; Görrn, Patrick. 2016. "Controlled Mechanical Cracking of Metal Films Deposited on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)." Nanomaterials 6, no. 9: 168.