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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(1), 2; doi:10.3390/nano6010002

Effects of Particle Hydrophobicity, Surface Charge, Media pH Value and Complexation with Human Serum Albumin on Drug Release Behavior of Mitoxantrone-Loaded Pullulan Nanoparticles

1
Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410013, China
2
Department of Gastroenterology, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, China
3
Department of Radiology, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, China
4
Fujian Vocational College of Bioengineering, Fuzhou 350300, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Danani
Received: 3 November 2015 / Revised: 13 December 2015 / Accepted: 17 December 2015 / Published: 25 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticles Assisted Drug Delivery)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4545 KB, uploaded 25 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

We prepared two types of cholesterol hydrophobically modified pullulan nanoparticles (CHP) and carboxyethyl hydrophobically modified pullulan nanoparticles (CHCP) substituted with various degrees of cholesterol, including 3.11, 6.03, 6.91 and 3.46 per polymer, and named CHP−3.11, CHP−6.03, CHP−6.91 and CHCP−3.46. Dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) showed that the pullulan nanoparticles were 80–120 nm depending on the degree of cholesterol substitution. The mean size of CHCP nanoparticles was about 160 nm, with zeta potential −19.9 mV, larger than CHP because of the carboxyethyl group. A greater degree of cholesterol substitution conferred greater nanoparticle hydrophobicity. Drug-loading efficiency depended on nanoparticle hydrophobicity, that is, nanoparticles with the greatest degree of cholesterol substitution (6.91) showed the most drug encapsulation efficiency (90.2%). The amount of drug loading increased and that of drug release decreased with enhanced nanoparticle hydrophobicity. Nanoparticle surface-negative charge disturbed the amount of drug loading and drug release, for an opposite effect relative to nanoparticle hydrophobicity. The drug release in pullulan nanoparticles was higher pH 4.0 than pH 6.8 media. However, the changed drug release amount was not larger for negative-surface nanoparticles than CHP nanoparticles in the acid release media. Drug release of pullulan nanoparticles was further slowed with human serum albumin complexation and was little affected by nanoparticle hydrophobicity and surface negative charge. View Full-Text
Keywords: pullulan nanoparticles; degree of substitution; HSA; surface charge pullulan nanoparticles; degree of substitution; HSA; surface charge
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Tao, X.; Jin, S.; Wu, D.; Ling, K.; Yuan, L.; Lin, P.; Xie, Y.; Yang, X. Effects of Particle Hydrophobicity, Surface Charge, Media pH Value and Complexation with Human Serum Albumin on Drug Release Behavior of Mitoxantrone-Loaded Pullulan Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 2.

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