Magnetic Nanoparticles Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier: When Physics Rises to a Challenge
AbstractThe blood-brain barrier is a physical and physiological barrier that protects the brain from toxic substances within the bloodstream and helps maintain brain homeostasis. It also represents the main obstacle in the treatment of many diseases of the central nervous system. Among the different approaches employed to overcome this barrier, the use of nanoparticles as a tool to enhance delivery of therapeutic molecules to the brain is particularly promising. There is special interest in the use of magnetic nanoparticles, as their physical characteristics endow them with additional potentially useful properties. Following systemic administration, a magnetic field applied externally can mediate the capacity of magnetic nanoparticles to permeate the blood-brain barrier. Meanwhile, thermal energy released by magnetic nanoparticles under the influence of radiofrequency radiation can modulate blood-brain barrier integrity, increasing its permeability. In this review, we present the strategies that use magnetic nanoparticles, specifically iron oxide nanoparticles, to enhance drug delivery to the brain. View Full-Text
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Busquets, M.A.; Espargaró, A.; Sabaté, R.; Estelrich, J. Magnetic Nanoparticles Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier: When Physics Rises to a Challenge. Nanomaterials 2015, 5, 2231-2248.
Busquets MA, Espargaró A, Sabaté R, Estelrich J. Magnetic Nanoparticles Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier: When Physics Rises to a Challenge. Nanomaterials. 2015; 5(4):2231-2248.Chicago/Turabian Style
Busquets, Maria A.; Espargaró, Alba; Sabaté, Raimon; Estelrich, Joan. 2015. "Magnetic Nanoparticles Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier: When Physics Rises to a Challenge." Nanomaterials 5, no. 4: 2231-2248.