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Nanomaterials 2015, 5(2), 937-968; doi:10.3390/nano5020937

Synthesis of Helical Carbon Fibers and Related Materials: A Review on the Past and Recent Developments

Applied Chemistry and Nanoscience Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Vaal University of Technology, P. O. Box X021, Vanderbijlpark 1900, Republic of South Africa
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Academic Editors: Seeram Ramakrishna and Justin Gooding
Received: 14 April 2015 / Revised: 13 May 2015 / Accepted: 15 May 2015 / Published: 2 June 2015
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Abstract

Helical carbon fibers (HCFs) have been widely studied due to their unique helical morphology and superior properties, which make them efficient materials for several potential applications. This review summarizes the past and current advancement on the synthesis of HCFs. The review focuses and discusses synthesis strategies and effect of experimental parameters on the growth of HCFs. The effect of preparation method of catalyst, catalyst nature, catalyst composition, catalyst size, catalyst initial and final shape, reaction temperature, reaction time, carbon source, impurities, and electromagnetic field on the growth of HCFs is reviewed. We also discuss the growth mechanism for HCFs and the synthesis of HCFs related materials. Finally, we conclude with a brief summary and an outlook on the challenges and future prospects of HCFs. View Full-Text
Keywords: synthesis; catalyst particle; helical carbon fibers (HCFs); growth mechanism; composite material synthesis; catalyst particle; helical carbon fibers (HCFs); growth mechanism; composite material
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Raghubanshi, H.; Dikio, E.D. Synthesis of Helical Carbon Fibers and Related Materials: A Review on the Past and Recent Developments. Nanomaterials 2015, 5, 937-968.

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