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Nanomaterials 2015, 5(2), 468-540; doi:10.3390/nano5020468

Ceramic Nanocomposites from Tailor-Made Preceramic Polymers

1
Institut für Materialwissenschaft, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Jovanka-Bontschits-Strasse 2, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
2
Ernst-Berl-Institut für Technische und Makromolekulare Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Strasse 4, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
3
Institut Européen des Membranes (UMR 5635-CNRS/ENSCM-UM2) CC 047-Place E. Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
4
Department Chemie, Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität zu Köln, Greinstrasse 6, D-50939 Köln, Germany
These authors contribute equally to this paper.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 24 February 2015 / Revised: 13 March 2015 / Accepted: 15 March 2015 / Published: 1 April 2015

Abstract

The present Review addresses current developments related to polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs). Different classes of preceramic polymers are briefly introduced and their conversion into ceramic materials with adjustable phase compositions and microstructures is presented. Emphasis is set on discussing the intimate relationship between the chemistry and structural architecture of the precursor and the structural features and properties of the resulting ceramic nanocomposites. Various structural and functional properties of silicon-containing ceramic nanocomposites as well as different preparative strategies to achieve nano-scaled PDC-NC-based ordered structures are highlighted, based on selected ceramic nanocomposite systems. Furthermore, prospective applications of the PDC-NCs such as high-temperature stable materials for thermal protection systems, membranes for hot gas separation purposes, materials for heterogeneous catalysis, nano-confinement materials for hydrogen storage applications as well as anode materials for secondary ion batteries are introduced and discussed in detail. View Full-Text
Keywords: ceramic nanocomposites; polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs); preceramic polymers; metallopolymers; polymer-to-ceramic conversion ceramic nanocomposites; polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs); preceramic polymers; metallopolymers; polymer-to-ceramic conversion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mera, G.; Gallei, M.; Bernard, S.; Ionescu, E. Ceramic Nanocomposites from Tailor-Made Preceramic Polymers. Nanomaterials 2015, 5, 468-540.

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