Nanomaterials 2013, 3(4), 583-591; doi:10.3390/nano3040583

Tuning NaYF4 Nanoparticles through Alkaline Earth Doping

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Received: 10 October 2013; in revised form: 20 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 October 2013 / Published: 24 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Trends in Up-Converting Nanoparticles)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Phase and size of lanthanide-doped nanoparticles are the most important characteristics that dictate optical properties of these nanoparticles and affect their technological applications. Herein, we present a systematic study to examine the effect of alkaline earth doping on the formation of NaYF4 upconversion nanoparticles. We show that alkaline earth doping has a dual function of tuning particle size of hexagonal phase NaYF4 nanoparticles and stabilizing cubic phase NaYF4 nanoparticles depending on composition and concentration of the dopant ions. The study described here represents a facile and general strategy to tuning the properties of NaYF4 upconversion nanoparticles.
Keywords: impurity doping; nanoparticles; phase transformation; upconversion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, X.; Peng, D.; Wang, F. Tuning NaYF4 Nanoparticles through Alkaline Earth Doping. Nanomaterials 2013, 3, 583-591.

AMA Style

Chen X, Peng D, Wang F. Tuning NaYF4 Nanoparticles through Alkaline Earth Doping. Nanomaterials. 2013; 3(4):583-591.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Xian; Peng, Dengfeng; Wang, Feng. 2013. "Tuning NaYF4 Nanoparticles through Alkaline Earth Doping." Nanomaterials 3, no. 4: 583-591.

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