Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated in Dissolvable 3D-Printed Molds for Patient-Specific Craniofacial Bone Regeneration
AbstractThe current gold standard treatment for oral clefts is autologous bone grafting. This treatment, however, presents another wound site for the patient, greater discomfort, and pediatric patients have less bone mass for bone grafting. A potential alternative treatment is the use of tissue engineered scaffolds. Hydrogels are well characterized nanoporous scaffolds and cryogels are mechanically durable, macroporous, sponge-like scaffolds. However, there has been limited research on these scaffolds for cleft craniofacial defects. 3D-printed molds can be combined with cryogel/hydrogel fabrication to create patient-specific tissue engineered scaffolds. By combining 3D-printing technology and scaffold fabrication, we were able to create scaffolds with the geometry of three cleft craniofacial defects. The scaffolds were then characterized to assess the effect of the mold on their physical properties. While the scaffolds were able to completely fill the mold, creating the desired geometry, the overall volumes were smaller than expected. The cryogels possessed porosities ranging from 79.7% to 87.2% and high interconnectivity. Additionally, the cryogels swelled from 400% to almost 1500% of their original dry weight while the hydrogel swelling did not reach 500%, demonstrating the ability to fill a defect site. Overall, despite the complex geometry, the cryogel scaffolds displayed ideal properties for bone reconstruction. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
de la Lastra, A.A.; Hixon, K.R.; Aryan, L.; Banks, A.N.; Lin, A.Y.; Hall, A.F.; Sell, S.A. Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated in Dissolvable 3D-Printed Molds for Patient-Specific Craniofacial Bone Regeneration. J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9, 46.
de la Lastra AA, Hixon KR, Aryan L, Banks AN, Lin AY, Hall AF, Sell SA. Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated in Dissolvable 3D-Printed Molds for Patient-Specific Craniofacial Bone Regeneration. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2018; 9(3):46.Chicago/Turabian Style
de la Lastra, Angela A.; Hixon, Katherine R.; Aryan, Lavanya; Banks, Amanda N.; Lin, Alexander Y.; Hall, Andrew F.; Sell, Scott A. 2018. "Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated in Dissolvable 3D-Printed Molds for Patient-Specific Craniofacial Bone Regeneration." J. Funct. Biomater. 9, no. 3: 46.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.