Modulation of the Tumor Microenvironment for Cancer Treatment: A Biomaterials Approach
AbstractTumors are complex tissues that consist of stromal cells, such as fibroblasts, immune cells and mesenchymal stem cells, as well as non-cellular components, in addition to neoplastic cells. Increasingly, there is evidence to suggest that these non-neoplastic cell components support cancer initiation, progression and metastasis and that their ablation or reprogramming can inhibit tumor growth. Our understanding of the activities of different parts of the tumor stroma in advancing cancer has been improved by the use of scaffold and matrix-based 3D systems originally developed for regenerative medicine. Additionally, drug delivery systems made from synthetic and natural biomaterials deliver drugs to kill stromal cells or reprogram the microenvironment for tumor inhibition. In this article, we review the impact of 3D tumor models in increasing our understanding of tumorigenesis. We also discuss how different drug delivery systems aid in the reprogramming of tumor stroma for cancer treatment. View Full-Text
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Adjei, I.M.; Blanka, S. Modulation of the Tumor Microenvironment for Cancer Treatment: A Biomaterials Approach. J. Funct. Biomater. 2015, 6, 81-103.
Adjei IM, Blanka S. Modulation of the Tumor Microenvironment for Cancer Treatment: A Biomaterials Approach. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2015; 6(1):81-103.Chicago/Turabian Style
Adjei, Isaac M.; Blanka, Sharma. 2015. "Modulation of the Tumor Microenvironment for Cancer Treatment: A Biomaterials Approach." J. Funct. Biomater. 6, no. 1: 81-103.