Fluid Abilities and Rule Learning: Patterning and Biconditional Discriminations
AbstractPrevious experience with discrimination problems that can only be solved by learning about stimulus configurations enhances performance on new configural discriminations. Some of these effects can be explained by a shift toward increased configural processing (learning about combinations of cues rather than about individual elements), or by a tendency to generalize a learned rule to a new training set. We investigated whether fluid abilities influence the extent that previous experience with configural discriminations improves performance on subsequent discriminations. In Experiments 1 and 2 we used patterning discriminations that could be solved by applying a simple rule, whereas in Experiment 3 we used biconditional discriminations that could not be solved using a rule. Fluid abilities predicted the improvement on the second training set in all experiments, including Experiment 3 in which rule-based generalization could not explain the improvement on the second discrimination. This supports the idea that fluid abilities contribute to performance by inducing a shift toward configural processing rather than rule-based generalization. However, fluid abilities also predicted performance on a rule-based transfer test in Experiment 2. Taken together, these results suggest that fluid abilities contribute to both a flexible shift toward configural processing and to rule-based generalization. View Full-Text
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Baetu, I.; Burns, N.R.; Yu, E.; Baker, A.G. Fluid Abilities and Rule Learning: Patterning and Biconditional Discriminations. J. Intell. 2018, 6, 7.
Baetu I, Burns NR, Yu E, Baker AG. Fluid Abilities and Rule Learning: Patterning and Biconditional Discriminations. Journal of Intelligence. 2018; 6(1):7.Chicago/Turabian Style
Baetu, Irina; Burns, Nicholas R.; Yu, Elsa; Baker, A. G. 2018. "Fluid Abilities and Rule Learning: Patterning and Biconditional Discriminations." J. Intell. 6, no. 1: 7.
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