Paper-Based Assessment of the Effects of Aging on Response Time: A Diffusion Model Analysis
AbstractThe effects of aging on response time were examined in a paper-based lexical-decision experiment with younger (age 18–36) and older (age 64–75) adults, applying Ratcliff’s diffusion model. Using digital pens allowed the paper-based assessment of response times for single items. Age differences previously reported by Ratcliff and colleagues in computer-based experiments were partly replicated: older adults responded more conservatively than younger adults and showed a slowing of their nondecision components of RT by 53 ms. The rates of evidence accumulation (drift rate) showed no age-related differences. Participants with a higher score in a vocabulary test also had higher drift rates. The experiment demonstrates the possibility to use formal processing models with paper-based tests. View Full-Text
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Dirk, J.; Kratzsch, G.K.; Prindle, J.P.; Kröhne, U.; Goldhammer, F.; Schmiedek, F. Paper-Based Assessment of the Effects of Aging on Response Time: A Diffusion Model Analysis. J. Intell. 2017, 5, 12.
Dirk J, Kratzsch GK, Prindle JP, Kröhne U, Goldhammer F, Schmiedek F. Paper-Based Assessment of the Effects of Aging on Response Time: A Diffusion Model Analysis. Journal of Intelligence. 2017; 5(2):12.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dirk, Judith; Kratzsch, Gesa Katharina; Prindle, John P.; Kröhne, Ulf; Goldhammer, Frank; Schmiedek, Florian. 2017. "Paper-Based Assessment of the Effects of Aging on Response Time: A Diffusion Model Analysis." J. Intell. 5, no. 2: 12.
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