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J. Intell. 2015, 3(2), 46-58; doi:10.3390/jintelligence3020046

The C-Test: An Integrative Measure of Crystallized Intelligence

English Department, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad 91871, Iran
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul De Boeck
Received: 20 March 2015 / Accepted: 21 May 2015 / Published: 25 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [132 KB, uploaded 25 May 2015]

Abstract

Crystallized intelligence is a pivotal broad ability factor in the major theories of intelligence including the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model, the three-stratum model, and the extended Gf-Gc (fluid intelligence-crystallized intelligence) model and is usually measured by means of vocabulary tests and other verbal tasks. In this paper the C-Test, a text completion test originally proposed as a test of general proficiency in a foreign language, is introduced as an integrative measure of crystallized intelligence. Based on the existing evidence in the literature, it is argued that the construct underlying the C-Test closely matches the abilities underlying the language component of crystallized intelligence, as defined in the well-established theories of intelligence. It is also suggested that by carefully selecting texts from pertinent knowledge domains, the factual knowledge component of crystallized intelligence could also be measured by the C-Test. View Full-Text
Keywords: C-Test; crystallized intelligence; verbal ability; factual knowledge C-Test; crystallized intelligence; verbal ability; factual knowledge
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Baghaei, P.; Tabatabaee, M. The C-Test: An Integrative Measure of Crystallized Intelligence. J. Intell. 2015, 3, 46-58.

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