In Silico Comparison of the Hemicelluloses Xyloglucan and Glucuronoarabinoxylan in Protecting Cellulose from Degradation
AbstractWe used a previously developed simulation model of a plant cell wall and its enzymatic degradation to compare the abilities of two hemicelluloses, glucuronoarabinoxylan (GAX) and xyloglucan (XG), to protect cellulose microfibrils (CMFs) from attack by cellulose-degrading enzymes. Additionally, we investigated the effect of XG abundance on the degradation rate of CMFs in the presence of the same enzymes. Simulations were run using hypothetical cell-wall compositions in which the numbers and arrangement of CMFs and (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan were kept constant, but the proportions of GAX and XG were altered. Scenarios considered walls with low and equal proportions of either GAX or XG, and also low, medium and high proportions of XG in the absence of GAX. The rate of CMF degradation was much lower in walls with GAX than walls with XG, except for early in the simulation when the reverse held, suggesting that XGs were protecting CMFs by competitive inhibition. Increasing XG content reduced both the degradation rate of CMFs and the percent of XG degraded, indicating that activity of enzymes decreased with XG density despite XG being degradable. Glucose oligosaccharide breakdown products were analysed on the basis of the originating polysaccharide and their degree of polymerisation (DP). The presence of GAX as opposed to equal amounts of XG had some significant effects on the amount and profile of breakdown products from XG and CMFs. View Full-Text
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Vetharaniam, I.; Upsdell, M.; Kelly, W.J.; Attwood, G.T.; Moon, C.D.; Harris, P.J. In Silico Comparison of the Hemicelluloses Xyloglucan and Glucuronoarabinoxylan in Protecting Cellulose from Degradation. Computation 2015, 3, 336-353.
Vetharaniam I, Upsdell M, Kelly WJ, Attwood GT, Moon CD, Harris PJ. In Silico Comparison of the Hemicelluloses Xyloglucan and Glucuronoarabinoxylan in Protecting Cellulose from Degradation. Computation. 2015; 3(3):336-353.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vetharaniam, Indrakumar; Upsdell, Martin; Kelly, William J.; Attwood, Graeme T.; Moon, Christina D.; Harris, Philip J. 2015. "In Silico Comparison of the Hemicelluloses Xyloglucan and Glucuronoarabinoxylan in Protecting Cellulose from Degradation." Computation 3, no. 3: 336-353.