Next Article in Journal
A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration
Previous Article in Journal
Symmetries in Genetic Systems and the Concept of Geno-Logical Coding
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Information 2017, 8(1), 3; doi:10.3390/info8010003

Next Forwarding Node Selection in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs): Techniques and Challenges

Faculty of Computing, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nafaa Jabeur and Nabil Sahli
Received: 30 October 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 25 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3091 KB, uploaded 28 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is considered a promising technology for collecting valuable data from underwater areas, particularly for aiding military operations and environmental predictions. UWSNs consist of underwater sensor nodes that have limited energy and use acoustics for communication. Routing in underwater sensor nodes is one of the challenging issues in UWSNs because of the need to forward data packets with minimal energy consumption and a high packet delivery ratio. Selecting the next forwarding nodes is one of the key components of routing in UWSNs and has a direct effect on energy consumption and the packet delivery ratio. Therefore, this problem has gained much attention from the research community with the intent of enhancing the performance of UWSNs. This paper qualitatively reviews routing protocols for UWSNs, focusing on the next-hop selection method and its strengths and weaknesses. A taxonomy is presented for reviewing routing protocols under different categories of the classification. A summary of the qualitative investigation is presented highlighting aims, the next-hop selection method, metrics, and priority considerations. A comprehensive investigation is carried out focusing on energy, link quality, void awareness, reliability, and shortest path characteristics. Finally, we discuss potential future research directions in UWSNs for forwarding node selection. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; forwarding selection; routing; underwater wireless sensor network; void-aware energy consumption; forwarding selection; routing; underwater wireless sensor network; void-aware
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Khasawneh, A.; Latiff, M.S.B.A.; Kaiwartya, O.; Chizari, H. Next Forwarding Node Selection in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs): Techniques and Challenges. Information 2017, 8, 3.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Information EISSN 2078-2489 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top