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Religions 2018, 9(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9020052

Horrendous-Difference Disabilities, Resurrected Saints, and the Beatific Vision: A Theodicy

Department of Philosophy, University of North Carolina, Asheville, NC 28804, USA
Received: 9 January 2018 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 2 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theodicy)
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Abstract

Marilyn Adams rightly pointed out that there are many kinds of evil, some of which are horrendous. I claim that one species of horrendous evil is what I call horrendous-difference disabilities. I distinguish two subspecies of horrendous-difference disabilities based in part on the temporal relation between one’s rational moral wishing for a certain human function F and its being thwarted by intrinsic and extrinsic conditions. Next, I offer a theodicy for each subspecies of horrendous-difference disability. Although I appeal to some claims made by Marilyn Adams for this theodicy, I reject one particular claim. I deny that one must be aware that one participates in a horrendous evil when the horrific event occurs. To develop this point and its relevance for a theodicy for horrendous-difference disabilities, I engage with Andrew Chignell’s work on infant suffering. In doing so, I show that what partly motivates the claim is a time-bias, i.e., near-bias. By rejecting this time-bias, I show how it is possible, given post-mortem life, for persons with profound cognitive disabilities to participate in horrendous evils and how these might be defeated by God. View Full-Text
Keywords: theodicy; problem of evil; horrendous evil; disability; rational moral wish satisfaction; Marilyn McCord Adams theodicy; problem of evil; horrendous evil; disability; rational moral wish satisfaction; Marilyn McCord Adams
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Williams, S.M. Horrendous-Difference Disabilities, Resurrected Saints, and the Beatific Vision: A Theodicy. Religions 2018, 9, 52.

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