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Auguste Comte and Consensus Formation in American Religious Thought—Part 1: The Creation of Consensus
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Religions 2017, 8(8), 151; doi:10.3390/rel8080151

Auguste Comte and Consensus Formation in American Religious Thought—Part 2: Twilight of New England Comtism

Department of History, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Received: 19 June 2017 / Revised: 31 July 2017 / Accepted: 9 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transcendentalism and the Religious Experience)
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Abstract

Auguste Comte was the most influential sociologist and philosopher of science in the Nineteenth Century. Part 1 summarized his works and analyzed reactions to them by Transcendentalists and Unitarians from 1837 until just after the Civil War. Part 2 examines in detail the post-war Transcendentalist and liberal Unitarian institutions of the Free Religious Association and the Radical Club and their different approaches to spiritual faith based on intuitionalism and reliance on scientific proof. In the background to their disputes is the positivism of Auguste Comte, who served as an easy source of common criticism. But at the same time as they wrote against positivism, both intuitionalists and those who relied on science were significantly influenced by Comte. Once again, as in part 1, a community of discourse was formed through the need to create social bonds at the expense of careful evaluation of the philosophy they criticized. View Full-Text
Keywords: Comte; positivism; intuitionalism; Unitarianism; Free Religious Association; Radical Club; Francis Ellingwood Abbot; Octavius Brooks Frothingham; Thomas Wentworth Higginson Comte; positivism; intuitionalism; Unitarianism; Free Religious Association; Radical Club; Francis Ellingwood Abbot; Octavius Brooks Frothingham; Thomas Wentworth Higginson
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sacks, K.S. Auguste Comte and Consensus Formation in American Religious Thought—Part 2: Twilight of New England Comtism. Religions 2017, 8, 151.

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