Next Article in Journal
Studies on Bhartṛhari and the Pratyabhijñā: The Case of svasavedana
Previous Article in Journal
Christian Churches and the Boko Haram Insurgency in Cameroon: Dilemmas and Responses
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Religions 2017, 8(8), 144; doi:10.3390/rel8080144

The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis

Intercultural Youth Council, Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004, USA
Received: 11 June 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 7 August 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [362 KB, uploaded 7 August 2017]

Abstract

Is the Qur’an a spiritual text that links human existence to divine benevolence? Or does the Qur’an advocate martyrdom and justify violence against non-believers? This debate acquired new urgency with the rise of terrorism perpetrated in the name of Islam in the later decades of the twentieth century. On the one hand, the Qur’an provides spiritual guidance to millions of Muslims around the world. On the other, Islamic terrorist organizations draw inspiration from the Qur’an. Some Western experts also cite Qur’anic passages as supporting violence and terrorism. This paper interprets the Qur’an in the tradition of Arab scholars of the early medieval period (eighth century CE) who began al-balāgha, a study of literary devices used in the rhetorical expression of the Qur’an. The paper analyzes how literary and rhetorical elements in the Qur’an have shaped its message on man’s relationship with the divine, as well as two key theological concepts in Islam: requital and final judgment. The paper demonstrates how an appreciation of the Qur’an’s literary and rhetorical elements is critical to understanding its spiritual message, as well as its stance on violence and martyrdom. View Full-Text
Keywords: Qur’an; jihad; literary analysis; rhetorical device; spirituality; violence; terrorism; metaphor; rhythm; oath; intertextuality Qur’an; jihad; literary analysis; rhetorical device; spirituality; violence; terrorism; metaphor; rhythm; oath; intertextuality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Arya, N.G. The Qur’an’s Message on Spirituality and Martyrdom: A Literary and Rhetorical Analysis. Religions 2017, 8, 144.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top