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Religions 2017, 8(6), 113; doi:10.3390/rel8060113

Between Toleration and Emancipation: The Self-Empowerment of Jewish Intellectuals in the Habsburg Monarchy

Kurt and Ursula Schubert Center for Jewish Studies, Palacký University, tř. Svobody 26, Olomouc 77900, Czech Republic
Academic Editors: Peter Iver Kaufman and Malachi Hacohen
Received: 6 February 2017 / Revised: 16 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
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Abstract

Analyzing a sample of prominent Jewish intellectuals from the Bohemian lands, this article explores Jewish networks as well as cultural and political activism in the Vormärz period and during the 1848 revolution. It seeks to answer the question of whether Joseph II’s ‘Edicts of Toleration’ had, unintentionally, generated a new group within Jewish society that was determined to fight for their rights. Already during the Vormärz period, these Jewish intellectuals enjoyed a high level of social integration, but also fought the repressive structure of the Metternich regime. After the removal of legal discriminations in 1867, the majority felt a deep sense of loyalty to the state and significantly enriched the cultural and political life of the Monarchy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Empire; Socialism; Jews; Habsburg Monarchy; Vormärz; 1848 Revolution; Edicts of Toleration; Joseph II; emancipation; discrimination Empire; Socialism; Jews; Habsburg Monarchy; Vormärz; 1848 Revolution; Edicts of Toleration; Joseph II; emancipation; discrimination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hecht, L. Between Toleration and Emancipation: The Self-Empowerment of Jewish Intellectuals in the Habsburg Monarchy. Religions 2017, 8, 113.

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