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Religions 2016, 7(3), 26; doi:10.3390/rel7030026

Effect of the “Spiritual Support” Intervention on Spirituality and the Clinical Parameters of Women Who Have Undergone Mastectomy: A Pilot Study

1
Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing—EERP-USP, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo 14040-902, Brazil
2
School of Nursing, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Palma de Cima, Lisboa 1649-023, Portugal
3
School of Nursing, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-887, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fiona Timmins and Wilf McSherry
Received: 18 November 2015 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 2 March 2016 / Published: 8 March 2016
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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the spiritual support intervention on spirituality and the clinical parameters of women who have undergone mastectomy. This is a pilot study of a randomized clinical trial. The spiritual support intervention was composed of meditation, guided imagery, music, and respiratory relaxation. The outcomes were: spirituality, blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation. A total of 27 patients were recruited for the study (intervention group, n = 13; control group, n = 14) (Clinical Trials: NCT 01866670/CAE: 00896312.0.0000.5393). The intervention helped patients with breast cancer to increase expression of their spirituality (p = 0.040) and it also decreased heart rate on the first (p = 0.038) and third day (p = 0.017). There was a difference in oxygen saturation on the second day in the control group (p = 0.039). Patients reported that their participation in the research was positive. This intervention had an effect on the sample of women who had undergone mastectomy. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; spiritual therapies; nursing; breast neoplasms; relaxation spirituality; spiritual therapies; nursing; breast neoplasms; relaxation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guilherme, C.; Ribeiro, G.R.; Caldeira, S.; Zamarioli, C.M.; de Souza Oliveira-Kumakura, A.R.; Almeida, A.M.; de Carvalho, E.C. Effect of the “Spiritual Support” Intervention on Spirituality and the Clinical Parameters of Women Who Have Undergone Mastectomy: A Pilot Study. Religions 2016, 7, 26.

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