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Religions 2016, 7(3), 26; doi:10.3390/rel7030026

Effect of the “Spiritual Support” Intervention on Spirituality and the Clinical Parameters of Women Who Have Undergone Mastectomy: A Pilot Study

Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing—EERP-USP, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo 14040-902, Brazil
School of Nursing, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Palma de Cima, Lisboa 1649-023, Portugal
School of Nursing, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-887, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fiona Timmins and Wilf McSherry
Received: 18 November 2015 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 2 March 2016 / Published: 8 March 2016
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This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the spiritual support intervention on spirituality and the clinical parameters of women who have undergone mastectomy. This is a pilot study of a randomized clinical trial. The spiritual support intervention was composed of meditation, guided imagery, music, and respiratory relaxation. The outcomes were: spirituality, blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation. A total of 27 patients were recruited for the study (intervention group, n = 13; control group, n = 14) (Clinical Trials: NCT 01866670/CAE: 00896312.0.0000.5393). The intervention helped patients with breast cancer to increase expression of their spirituality (p = 0.040) and it also decreased heart rate on the first (p = 0.038) and third day (p = 0.017). There was a difference in oxygen saturation on the second day in the control group (p = 0.039). Patients reported that their participation in the research was positive. This intervention had an effect on the sample of women who had undergone mastectomy. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; spiritual therapies; nursing; breast neoplasms; relaxation spirituality; spiritual therapies; nursing; breast neoplasms; relaxation

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Guilherme, C.; Ribeiro, G.R.; Caldeira, S.; Zamarioli, C.M.; de Souza Oliveira-Kumakura, A.R.; Almeida, A.M.; de Carvalho, E.C. Effect of the “Spiritual Support” Intervention on Spirituality and the Clinical Parameters of Women Who Have Undergone Mastectomy: A Pilot Study. Religions 2016, 7, 26.

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