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Religions 2015, 6(4), 1346-1357; doi:10.3390/rel6041346

Nurses’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Different Health Care Settings in the Netherlands

Knowledge Center Spirituality and Health Care, Christian University of Applied Sciences Viaa, PO Box 10030, 8000 GA Zwolle, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editors: Fiona Timmins and Wilf McSherry
Received: 13 October 2015 / Revised: 2 November 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 27 November 2015
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Abstract

This paper shows similarities and differences in perceptions and competences regarding spirituality and spiritual care of nurses in different health care settings. Research on this specific topic is limited and can contribute towards a nuanced implementation of spiritual care in different nursing care settings. Four hundred forty nine nurses in different health care settings completed a questionnaire concerning spirituality and spiritual care, spiritual care competence, and personal spirituality. Respondents reported a generic (instead of more specific) view of spirituality and spiritual care, and they perceived themselves to be competent in providing spiritual care. Compared to nurses in hospital settings, nurses in mental health care and home care have a more generic view of spirituality and spiritual care and report a higher level of competence. Next to this, they perceive themselves more as spiritual persons. Future research is needed to develop further understanding in setting specific factors and their influence on nurses’ views and competence regarding spiritual care. Nursing education and management should consider an emphasis on spiritual competence development related to working settings of nurses. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; spiritual care; nursing; hospital care; mental health care; home care spirituality; spiritual care; nursing; hospital care; mental health care; home care
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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van Leeuwen, R.; Schep-Akkerman, A. Nurses’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Different Health Care Settings in the Netherlands. Religions 2015, 6, 1346-1357.

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