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Religions 2015, 6(1), 92-106; doi:10.3390/rel6010092

Meaning-Making, Religiousness and Spirituality in Religiously Founded Substance Misuse Services—A Qualitative Study of Staff and Patients’ Experiences

1
MF Norwegian School of Theology, P.O. Box 5144 Majorstuen, Oslo 0302, Norway
2
Centre for Psychology of Religion, Innlandet Hospital Trust, P.O. Box 68, Ottestad 2312, Norway
3
Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Concurrent Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders, Innlandet Hospital Trust, P.O. Box 104, Brumunddal 2381, Norway
4
Faculty of Public Health, Hedmark University College, P.O. Box 400, Elverum 2418, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: René Hefti
Received: 5 November 2014 / Revised: 5 January 2015 / Accepted: 28 January 2015 / Published: 2 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [69 KB, uploaded 2 February 2015]

Abstract

The Norwegian health authorities buy one third of their addiction treatment from private institutions run by organizations and trusts. Several of these are founded on religious values. The aim of the study was to investigate such value-based treatment and the patients’ experiences of spirituality and religiousness as factors of meaning-making in rehabilitation. The study was performed in an explorative qualitative design. Data were collected through focus-group interviews among therapists and in-patients at a religiously founded substance misuse service institution. The analysis was carried out by content analysis through systematic text-condensation. Through different activities and a basic attitude founded on religious values, the selected institution and the therapists facilitated a treatment framework which included a spiritual dimension and religious activity. The patients appreciated their free choice regarding treatment approaches, which helped them to make meaning of life in various collective and individual settings. Rituals and sacred spaces gave peace of mind and confidence in a situation that up to now had been chaotic and difficult. Sermons and wording in rituals contributed to themes of reflection and helped patients to revise attitudes and how other people were met. Private confessions functioned for several patients as turning point experiences influencing patients’ relations to themselves and their surroundings. Spirituality and religious activity contributed to meaning-making among patients with substance use disorder and had significance for their rehabilitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: meaning-making; spirituality; religion; substance misuse services; Norway meaning-making; spirituality; religion; substance misuse services; Norway
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sørensen, T.; Lien, L.; Landheim, A.; Danbolt, L.J. Meaning-Making, Religiousness and Spirituality in Religiously Founded Substance Misuse Services—A Qualitative Study of Staff and Patients’ Experiences. Religions 2015, 6, 92-106.

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