Next Article in Journal
The Transnationalization of the Akan Religion: Religion and Identity among the U.S. African American Community
Next Article in Special Issue
Meaning-Making, Religiousness and Spirituality in Religiously Founded Substance Misuse Services—A Qualitative Study of Staff and Patients’ Experiences
Previous Article in Journal
A Latter-day Saint Approach to Addiction: Aetiology, Consequences and Treatment in a Theological Context
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Spiritual Care Team: Enabling the Practice of Whole Person Medicine
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2015, 6(1), 14-23; doi:10.3390/rel6010014

Does the Spiritual Well-Being of Chronic Hemodialysis Patients Differ from that of Pre-dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients?

1
Social and Administrative Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
2
Renal Service Center, Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
3
Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
4
Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: René Hefti, Stefan Rademacher and Arndt Büssing
Received: 30 October 2014 / Accepted: 22 December 2014 / Published: 29 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [159 KB, uploaded 29 December 2014]

Abstract

Spiritual well-being is viewed as an essential component of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the modernized biopsychosocial-spiritual model of health. Understanding spiritual well-being should lead to better treatment plans from the patients’ point of view, and improved patient adherence. There are numerous studies of traditional HRQOL, physical, mental, and social well-being; however, studies of spiritual well-being in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are limited. Thus, this study compared spiritual well-being of chronic hemodialysis patients and pre-dialysis CKD patients. A total of 31 chronic hemodialysis and 63 pre-dialysis CKD patients were asked for consent and then interviewed for spiritual well-being using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp). Analysis of covariance was applied to compare FACIT-Sp scores between pre-dialysis CKD and chronic hemodialysis groups that were adjusted by patient characteristics. The FACIT-Sp scores of pre-dialysis CKD patients were non-significantly greater than those of chronic hemodialysis patients after adjustment for gender, age, and marital status. However, all FACIT-Sp scores of males were significantly lower than those of females [FACIT Meaning −1.59 (p = 0.024), FACIT Peace −2.37 (p = 0.004), FACIT Faith −2.87 (p = 0.001), FACIT Total Score −6.83 (p = 0.001)]. The spiritual well-being did not significantly differ by stages of chronic kidney disease; however, patient gender was associated with spiritual well-being instead. To improve spiritual well-being, researchers should consider patient gender as a significant factor. View Full-Text
Keywords: spiritual well-being; quality of life (QOL); health-related quality of life (HRQOL); Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp); end-stage renal diseases (ESRD); chronic kidney disease (CKD); hemodialysis; pre-dialysis spiritual well-being; quality of life (QOL); health-related quality of life (HRQOL); Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp); end-stage renal diseases (ESRD); chronic kidney disease (CKD); hemodialysis; pre-dialysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cheawchanwattana, A.; Chunlertrith, D.; Saisunantararom, W.; Johns, N.P. Does the Spiritual Well-Being of Chronic Hemodialysis Patients Differ from that of Pre-dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients? Religions 2015, 6, 14-23.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top