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Religions 2014, 5(2), 385-401; doi:10.3390/rel5020385

Dyadic Adjustment and Spiritual Activities in Parents of Children with Cystic Fibrosis

1,* , 1,2
Received: 20 December 2013 / Revised: 6 February 2014 / Accepted: 31 March 2014 / Published: 11 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Spirituality, and Family Life)
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Children’s diseases can negatively impact marital adjustment and contribute to poorer child health outcomes. To cope with increased marital stress and childhood diseases severity, many people turn to spirituality. While most studies show a positive relationship between spirituality and marital adjustment, spirituality has typically been measured only in terms of individual behaviors. Using the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) and Daily Phone Diary data from a sample of 126 parents of children with cystic fibrosis as a context for increased marital stress, spiritual behavior of mother-father dyads and of whole families were used as predictors of marital adjustment. Frequency and duration of individual, dyadic and familial spiritual activities correlated positively with dyadic adjustment. Significant differences in spiritual activities existed between couples with marital adjustment scores above and below the cutoff for distress. The only significant factors in regressions of spiritual activities on marital adjustment scores were number of pulmonary exacerbations and parent age. Higher odds of maintaining a marital adjustment score greater than 100 were significantly associated with spending approximately twelve minutes per day in individual, but not conjugal or familial, spiritual activities. The Daily Phone Diary is a feasible tool to study conjugal and familial activities and their relationships with beliefs and attitudes, including spirituality.
Keywords: marital adjustment; spirituality; cystic fibrosis; parent marital adjustment; spirituality; cystic fibrosis; parent
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Grossoehme, D.H.; Szczesniak, R.; Dodd, C.; Opipari-Arrigan, L. Dyadic Adjustment and Spiritual Activities in Parents of Children with Cystic Fibrosis. Religions 2014, 5, 385-401.

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