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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(3), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6030080

Shoreline Change around a River Delta on the Cox’s Bazar Coast of Bangladesh

1
Graduate School of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8573, Japan
2
Faculty of Engineering, Information and Systems, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8573, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Zone Management)

Abstract

A recent erosional problem around a river delta on the Cox’s Bazar coast was analyzed in this study. The coastline extends from south to north. Rapid erosion has affected some portions of a 24-km road along the coast, and local authorities have attempted to protect the road via revetment. However, the structure was soon buried with sediment because of a growing sand spit along the river delta, and a new area was eroded. Shoreline positions for a 44-year (1972–2016) period were digitized using Landsat images. From the time stack images, we observed a sand spit growing in a northward direction from 2000 to 2015, and the adjacent erosion area extended in the same direction. We employed a numerical model (MIKE21FM SM) for the computation of wave-driven currents and sediment transport along the coast, and attempted to reproduce recent erosional processes. The numerical result shows that net littoral drift is dominant in the northward direction along the coast, which is the same direction of the spit growth observed in the satellite images. A higher amplitude spit induces higher sediment transport compared to a low amplitude spit because of the difference in local incident wave angles resulting in greater positive gradient of the longshore sediment flux distribution, causing erosion in the downcoast. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cox’s Bazar; delta; spit; wave; sediment transport; numerical computation Cox’s Bazar; delta; spit; wave; sediment transport; numerical computation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mahamud, U.; Takewaka, S. Shoreline Change around a River Delta on the Cox’s Bazar Coast of Bangladesh. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 80.

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