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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5(4), 51; doi:10.3390/jmse5040051

Comparative Analysis of Coastal Flooding Vulnerability and Hazard Assessment at National Scale

1
Department of Civil, Construction-Architectural and Environmental Engineering Department (DICEAA)—Environmental and Maritime Hydraulic Laboratory (LIAM), University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila 67100, Italy
2
Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Rome 00144, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Engineering)
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Abstract

The evaluation of the coastal hazard and vulnerability caused by storm conditions is an important issue related to coastal flooding and erosion. Although these topics have been widely tackled by past research, they cannot be avoided, but need to be carefully managed by local authorities in order to limit damage to coastal infrastructure, to protect human life, habitats and sensitive species. Usually, this issue is tackled through common approaches at the regional scale. This paper illustrates the first steps of a research project aimed at assessing coastal hazard and vulnerability to wave-induced flooding at the national scale. In order to apply the method to the national scale, it is necessary to select a suitable dataset. This has to be consistent with the whole application area, concerning its spatial distribution, reliability and availability. Thus, one of the aims of this project is to perform a comparative analysis using data available at the national and local scale. The analysis was performed for the area of Montalto di Castro (Tyrrhenian Sea) by using datasets with different spatial resolutions. The results revealed that the use of low resolution data does not significantly affect the estimated nearshore wave features, while the wave runup in underestimated by about 25%. This underestimation influences also the vulnerability and hazard assessments. In particular, the vulnerability is conservatively assessed if low resolution data are used. On the other hand, the hazard is conservatively assessed when low resolution data are used only if the wave runup is amplified by considering the 25% underestimation. The results presented herein can be extended to other sites with the same general features (i.e., microtidal and dissipative coastal stretches). View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal vulnerability; coastal hazard; coastal flooding; risk and probability coastal vulnerability; coastal hazard; coastal flooding; risk and probability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Risio, M.; Bruschi, A.; Lisi, I.; Pesarino, V.; Pasquali, D. Comparative Analysis of Coastal Flooding Vulnerability and Hazard Assessment at National Scale. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5, 51.

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