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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4(4), 77; doi:10.3390/jmse4040077

Model Development and Hindcast Simulations of NOAA’s Gulf of Maine Operational Forecast System

1
NOAA/National Ocean Service/Coast Survey Development Laboratory, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
2
Earth Resources Technology (ERT) Inc., 6100 Frost Place, Suite A, Laurel, MD 20707, USA
3
NOAA/National Ocean Service/Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services, 1305 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Signell
Received: 18 July 2016 / Revised: 13 October 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 17 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7142 KB, uploaded 17 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

The National Ocean Service (NOS) of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is developing an operational nowcast/forecast system for the Gulf of Maine (GoMOFS). The system aims to produce real-time nowcasts and short-range forecast guidance for water levels, 3-dimensional currents, water temperature, and salinity over the broad GoM region. GoMOFS will be implemented using the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS). This paper describes the system setup and results from a one-year (2012) hindcast simulation. The hindcast performance was evaluated using the NOS standard skill assessment software. The results indicate favorable agreement between observations and model forecasts. The root-mean-squared errors are about 0.12 m for water level, less than 1.5 °C for temperature, less than 1.5 psu for salinity, and less than 0.2 m/s for currents. It is anticipated to complete the system development and the transition into operations in fiscal year 2017. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gulf of Maine; operational nowcast and forecast system; hydrodynamics; ROMS; water level; currents; water temperature; and salinity Gulf of Maine; operational nowcast and forecast system; hydrodynamics; ROMS; water level; currents; water temperature; and salinity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Z.; Richardson, P.; Chen, Y.; Kelley, J.G.W.; Myers, E.; Aikman, F., III; Peng, M.; Zhang, A. Model Development and Hindcast Simulations of NOAA’s Gulf of Maine Operational Forecast System. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 77.

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