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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4(4), 67; doi:10.3390/jmse4040067

Assessment of Damage and Adaptation Strategies for Structures and Infrastructure from Storm Surge and Sea Level Rise for a Coastal Community in Rhode Island, United States

1
Department of Ocean Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
2
Departments of Ocean/Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
3
Swanson Environmental Associates LLC, Saunderstown, RI 02874, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Signell
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 12 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 October 2016 / Published: 20 October 2016
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Abstract

This paper presents an evaluation of inundation, erosion, and wave damage for a coastal community in Rhode Island, USA. A methodology called the Coastal Environmental Risk Index (CERI) was used that incorporates levels of inundation including sea level rise, wave heights using STWAVE, and detailed information about individual structures from an E911 database. This information was input into damage functions developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers following Hurricane Sandy. Damage from erosion was evaluated separately from local published erosion rates. Using CERI, two different adaptation strategies were evaluated that included a combination of dune restoration, protective berms, and a tide gate. A total of 151 out of 708 structures were estimated to be protected from inundation and wave action by the combined measures. More importantly, the use of CERI allowed for the assessment of the impact of different adaptation strategies on both individual structures and an entire community in a Geographical Information Systems (GIS) environment. This tool shows promise for use by coastal managers to assess damage and mitigate risk to coastal communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: inundation damage; wave damage; sea level rise; damage functions; coastal resilience inundation damage; wave damage; sea level rise; damage functions; coastal resilience
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Small, C.; Blanpied, T.; Kauffman, A.; O’Neil, C.; Proulx, N.; Rajacich, M.; Simpson, H.; White, J.; Spaulding, M.L.; Baxter, C.D.; Swanson, J.C. Assessment of Damage and Adaptation Strategies for Structures and Infrastructure from Storm Surge and Sea Level Rise for a Coastal Community in Rhode Island, United States. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 67.

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