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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3(4), 1504-1543; doi:10.3390/jmse3041504

An Oil Fate Model for Shallow-Waters

1
Department of Mathematics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
2
Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellín, Medellín Colombia
3
Mathematics Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Merv Fingas
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 25 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Oil Spills)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [12246 KB, uploaded 4 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

We introduce a model for the dynamics of oil in suspension, appropriate for shallow waters, including the nearshore environment. This model is capable of oil mass conservation and does so by evolving the oil on the sea surface as well as the oil in the subsurface. The shallower portion of the continental shelf poses compounding unique modeling challenges. Many of these relate to the complex nature of advection and dispersion of oil in an environment in which wind, waves, as well as currents all play a role, as does the complex bathymetry and the nearshore geography. In this study we present an overview of the model as well as derive the most fundamental of processes, namely, the shallow water advectiion and dispersion processes. With regard to this basic transport, we superate several fundamental challenges associated with creating a transport model for oil and other buoyant pollutants, capable of capturing the dynamics at the large spatio-temporal scales demanded by environmental and hazard mitigation studies. Some of the strategies are related to dimension reduction and upscaling, and leave discussion of these to companion papers. Here we focus on wave-filtering, ensemble and depth-averaging. Integral to the model is the proposal of an ocean dynamics model that is consistent with the transport. This ocean dynamics model is detailed here. The ocean/oil transport model is applied to a couple of physically-inspired oil-spill problems in demonstrate its specialized capabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: ocean pollution; oil transport; oil slick; nearshore; ocean oil fate model; oil advection; oil dispersion ocean pollution; oil transport; oil slick; nearshore; ocean oil fate model; oil advection; oil dispersion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Restrepo, J.M.; Ramírez, J.M.; Venkataramani, S. An Oil Fate Model for Shallow-Waters. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3, 1504-1543.

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