Bubble Clouds in Coastal Waters and Their Role in Air-Water Gas Exchange of CO2
AbstractBubbles generated by breaking waves can drive significant gas exchange between the ocean and atmosphere, but the role of bubble-mediated gas transfer in estuaries is unknown. Here, backscatter data from 41 acoustic Doppler current profiler stations was analyzed to assess subsurface bubble distributions in nine estuaries along the U.S. East and Gulf Coast. Wind speed, wind direction, and current velocity were the dominant controls on bubble entrainment, but the relative importance of these physical drivers depended on local geomorphology. Bubble entrainment in high-current or shallow, long-fetch estuaries began at wind speeds <5 m s−1. In deep or fetch-limited estuaries, bubble entrainment was less frequent and generally began at higher wind speeds. Data observed during several storms suggests that episodic bubble-driven gas exchange may be an important component of annual CO2 fluxes in large, shallow estuaries but would be less significant in other coastal systems. View Full-Text
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Crosswell, J.R. Bubble Clouds in Coastal Waters and Their Role in Air-Water Gas Exchange of CO2. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3, 866-890.
Crosswell JR. Bubble Clouds in Coastal Waters and Their Role in Air-Water Gas Exchange of CO2. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2015; 3(3):866-890.Chicago/Turabian Style
Crosswell, Joseph R. 2015. "Bubble Clouds in Coastal Waters and Their Role in Air-Water Gas Exchange of CO2." J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 3, no. 3: 866-890.