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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3(2), 368-381; doi:10.3390/jmse3020368

Temperature Effects on the Growth Rates and Photosynthetic Activities of Symbiodinium Cells

1
Graduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
2
Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Loke Ming Chou
Received: 4 May 2015 / Accepted: 25 May 2015 / Published: 1 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Coral Reefs Ecosystems)
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Abstract

Coral bleaching is caused by environmental stress and susceptibility to bleaching stress varies among types of coral. The physiological properties of the algal symbionts (Symbiodinium spp.), especially extent of damage to PSII and its repair capacity, contribute importantly to this variability in stress susceptibility. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the growth rates and photosynthetic activities of six cultured strains of Symbiodinium spp. (clades A, B, C, D, and F) at elevated temperature (33 °C). We also observed the recovery of photodamaged-PSII in the presence or absence of a chloroplast protein synthesis inhibitor (lincomycin). The growth rates and photochemical efficiencies of PSII (Fv/Fm) decreased in parallel at high temperature in thermally sensitive strains, B-K100 (clade B followed by culture name) and A-Y106, but not in thermally tolerant strains, F-K102 and D-K111. In strains A-KB8 and C-Y103, growth declined markedly at high temperature, but Fv/Fm decreased only slightly. These strains may reallocate energy from growth to the repair of damaged photosynthetic machineries or protection pathways. Alternatively, since recoveries of photo-damaged PSII at 33 °C were modest in strains A-KB8 and C-Y103, thermal stressing of other metabolic pathways may have reduced growth rates in these two strains. This possibility should be explored in future research efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Symbiodinium; growth rate; thermal stress; photodamage; repair mechanism Symbiodinium; growth rate; thermal stress; photodamage; repair mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Karim, W.; Nakaema, S.; Hidaka, M. Temperature Effects on the Growth Rates and Photosynthetic Activities of Symbiodinium Cells. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2015, 3, 368-381.

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