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Agriculture 2018, 8(1), 16; doi:10.3390/agriculture8010016

Farmers’ Knowledge on Pesticide Safety and Pest Management Practices: A Case Study of Vegetable Growers in Chitwan, Nepal

University of California Cooperative Extension & Statewide IPM Program, Modesto, CA 95358, USA
Department of Entomology, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan 44209, Nepal
Agricultural Science Center, New Mexico State University, Clovis, NM 88101, USA
Department of Plant Pathology, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design, North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA
Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Government of Nepal, Khumaltar, Lalitpur 44700, Nepal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 22 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pesticides in Agriculture System)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [622 KB, uploaded 22 January 2018]   |  


Farmers’ knowledge on pesticides and their safe use are critical for implementing effective pest management program. A household survey was conducted using the semi-structured questionnaire to evaluate vegetable growers’ knowledge on pesticide safety and pest management practices in Nepal. Results indicated that chemical pesticides were the primary choice of over 80% growers for pest management. Notably, 90% growers were aware of adverse effects of pesticides on human health and to the environment. Over 84% growers used at least one form of personal protection equipment (PPE) during pesticide spray or handling, although the quality and appropriateness of the PPE warrants further investigation. Nearly 17% growers received at least one short-term training on integrated pest management (IPM); however, all of them neither knew the harmful effects of pesticide residues nor practiced proper pesticide disposal methods. Over 90% of growers rely on local pesticide retailers (i.e., Agro-vets) for technical know-how about pesticide selection, handling, and use. This study highlighted a need for immediate implementation of strict pesticide use regulations and recommended educational programs for pest control professionals, growers, and pesticide retailers. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticide exposure; IPM; personal protective equipment; Nepal pesticide exposure; IPM; personal protective equipment; Nepal

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Rijal, J.P.; Regmi, R.; Ghimire, R.; Puri, K.D.; Gyawaly, S.; Poudel, S. Farmers’ Knowledge on Pesticide Safety and Pest Management Practices: A Case Study of Vegetable Growers in Chitwan, Nepal. Agriculture 2018, 8, 16.

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