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Agriculture 2017, 7(7), 59; doi:10.3390/agriculture7070059

Analysis and Diagnosis of the Agrarian System in the Niayes Region, Northwest Senegal (West Africa)

1
Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche Agriculture Comparée et Développement Agricole, AgroParisTech. 16, rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
2
École Nationale du Génie Rural, des Eaux et des Forêts, AgroParisTech, 19 Avenue du Maine, 75732 Paris CEDEX 15, France
3
Ecole Nationale Supérieure d´Agriculture (ENSA) de Thiès, B.P A 296-Thiès, Sénégal
4
SOS SAHEL International, 21001 Thiès, Senegal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Les Copeland
Received: 17 April 2017 / Revised: 28 June 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
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Abstract

The agrarian system Analysis and Diagnosis is used for this study, the goal of which was to provide a corpus of basic knowledge and elements of reflection necessary for the understanding the Niayes farming systems dynamics in Senegal, West Africa. Such holistic work has never been done before for this small region that provides the majority of vegetables in the area, thanks to its microclimate and access to fresh water in an arid country. Reading of the landscape and historical interviews coupled with fine-tuned household surveys were used to build a typology of agricultural production units (each type being represented by a production system). The main phases within the region’s history were distinguished. Before colonization, agriculture was based on gathering and shifting agriculture (millet and peanut) in the southern region and transhumant stockbreeding in the North. During colonization, market gardening became a source of income as a response to cities’ increasing demand. Two major droughts (in the 1970s and 1980s) have accelerated this movement. Extension of market gardening areas and intensification of activities were made possible by Sahelian migrants’ influx and the creation of mbeye seddo, a contract that allows for sharing added value between the employer and seasonal workers, named sourghas. Over the past 20 years, the “race for motorization” has created important social gaps (added value sharing deserves review) and a risk of overexploitation of groundwater. View Full-Text
Keywords: comparative agriculture; survey on farming; socioeconomic differentiation; Senegal comparative agriculture; survey on farming; socioeconomic differentiation; Senegal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fare, Y.; Dufumier, M.; Loloum, M.; Miss, F.; Pouye, A.; Khastalani, A.; Fall, A. Analysis and Diagnosis of the Agrarian System in the Niayes Region, Northwest Senegal (West Africa). Agriculture 2017, 7, 59.

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