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Agriculture 2017, 7(2), 14; doi:10.3390/agriculture7020014

Advances in Eco-Efficient Agriculture: The Plant-Soil Mycobiome

1
Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Brazil
2
Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais, Campo Experimental de Pitangui, Caixa Postal 43, CEP 35650-000 Pitangui, Brazil
3
Instituto Federal de Minas Gerais, 30421-169 Belo Horizonte, Brazil
4
Kazakh National Agrarian University, 8 Abai st., 050010 Almaty, Kazakhstan
5
Department of Life and Physical Sciences, School of Science and Computing, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Dublin Road, H91 T8NW Galway, Ireland
6
Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, ERA Chair of Green Chemistry, School of Science, Tallinn University of Technology, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yinglong Chen
Received: 10 November 2016 / Revised: 23 January 2017 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamics of Root–Soil–Microbial Interactions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [595 KB, uploaded 21 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

In order to achieve a desirable ecological and sustainable agriculture a thorough understanding of the plant-soil mycobiome is imperative. Commercial industrial agriculture alters greenhouse gas emissions, promotes loss of plant and soil biodiversity, increases pollution by raising atmospheric CO2, and releases pesticides, thus affecting both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Diversified farming systems, including perennial cultivated pastures, are among worldwide strategies that aim to reduce terrestrial greenhouse gas emissions and deal with threats to global sustainability. Additionally, stimulation of soil microbes and appropriate soil management can influence soil interactions as well as the rates of organic matter decomposition and the release of gases. Agricultural soil microbial communities play a central role in ecosystem processes and are affected by biocontrol agents, biofertilizers, and exposure to pesticides, the extent to which is yet to be fully elucidated. Intercropping different plant species is beneficial, as this can increase carbon fixation by plants, transferring carbon to the soil, especially via mycorrhizas, thus modifying interplant interactions. This review focuses on agro-ecosystems, showing the latest advances in the plant-soil interface (the mycobiome) for an eco-efficient agricultural production. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant-soil interaction; mycobiome; mycorrhizas; hyphosphere; eco-efficient agriculture plant-soil interaction; mycobiome; mycorrhizas; hyphosphere; eco-efficient agriculture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pagano, M.C.; Correa, E.J.A.; Duarte, N.F.; Yelikbayev, B.; O’Donovan, A.; Gupta, V.K. Advances in Eco-Efficient Agriculture: The Plant-Soil Mycobiome. Agriculture 2017, 7, 14.

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