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Agriculture 2017, 7(12), 96; doi:10.3390/agriculture7120096

Exploring the Future Potential of Jute in Bangladesh

1
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
2
Department of Development and Poverty Studies, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
3
Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
4
Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2017 / Revised: 23 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 25 November 2017
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Abstract

The study assesses the future potential of the jute sector in Bangladesh by examining its growth performance, international competitiveness, profitability, and production efficiency using national time-series data of over the period 1973–2013 and farm survey data from 289 farmers from two major jute growing areas of Bangladesh. Results revealed that the jute sector has experienced substantial growth in area, production, productivity, prices, and exports. However, productivity has stagnated during the latter 10-year period (2004–2013), while it grew at a rate of 1.3% per annum (p.a.) during the first 31-year period (1973–2003). Only traditional jute production is globally competitive, although financial profitability of white jute is relatively higher (benefit cost ratio = 1.24 and 1.17, respectively). Land, labor, and irrigation are the main productivity drivers for jute. The mean production efficiency of jute is estimated at 75% indicating substantial scope to improve yield by eliminating inefficiency. Marginal farmers are relatively inefficient. Policy implications include investments in research and development, irrigation, and tenurial reform and export protection for white jute in order to revive the sector and boost export earnings. View Full-Text
Keywords: competitiveness; policy analysis matrix (PAM) analysis; profitability; stochastic production frontier; technical efficiency; jute; Bangladesh competitiveness; policy analysis matrix (PAM) analysis; profitability; stochastic production frontier; technical efficiency; jute; Bangladesh
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, S.; Kazal, M.M.H.; Begum, I.A.; Alam, M.J. Exploring the Future Potential of Jute in Bangladesh. Agriculture 2017, 7, 96.

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