Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Impacts of Large-Scale Agro-Industrial Sugarcane Production on Biodiversity: A Case Study of Wonji Shoa Sugar Estate, Ethiopia
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Safety Improvements on Wood Chippers Currently in Use: A Study on Feasibility in the Italian Context
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Agriculture 2017, 7(12), 100; doi:10.3390/agriculture7120100

Analysis of the Almond Harvesting and Hulling Mechanization Process: A Case Study

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science (DiSAAT), University of Bari Aldo Moro, via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
The Authors equally contributed to the present study.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2017 / Revised: 28 November 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 4 December 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3394 KB, uploaded 5 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

The aim of this paper is the analysis of the almond harvesting system with a very high level of mechanization frequently used in Apulia for the almond harvesting and hulling process. Several tests were carried out to assess the technical aspects related to the machinery and to the mechanized harvesting system used itself, highlighting their usefulness, limits, and compatibility within the almond cultivation sector. Almonds were very easily separated from the tree, and this circumstance considerably improved the mechanical harvesting operation efficiency even if the total time was mainly affected by the time required to manoeuvre the machine and by the following manual tree beating. The mechanical pick-up from the ground was not effective, with only 30% of the dropped almond collected, which mainly was caused by both the pick-up reel of the machine being unable to approach the almonds dropped near the base of the trunk and the surface condition of the soil being unsuitably arranged for a mechanized pick-up operation. The work times concerning the hulling and screening processes, carried out at the farm, were heavily affected by several manual operations before, during, and after the executed process; nevertheless, the plant work capability varied from 170 to 200 kg/h with two operators. View Full-Text
Keywords: almond harvest chain; hulling process; manpower employment almond harvest chain; hulling process; manpower employment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pascuzzi, S.; Santoro, F. Analysis of the Almond Harvesting and Hulling Mechanization Process: A Case Study. Agriculture 2017, 7, 100.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top