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Agriculture 2016, 6(4), 66; doi:10.3390/agriculture6040066

Self-Organization and the Bypass: Re-Imagining Institutions for More Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Food

1
Knowledge, Technology and Innovation, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6706KN, The Netherlands
2
Strategic Communication, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6706KN, The Netherlands
3
Rural Territorial Development, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO), Quito, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giaime Berti, Moya Kneafsey, Larry Lev, Irene Monasterolo and Sergio Schneider
Received: 30 July 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 9 December 2016 / Published: 17 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [245 KB, uploaded 17 December 2016]

Abstract

In exploring the social dynamics of agrofood movements in Ecuador as examples of self-organization (i.e., locally distributed and resolved development), this article departs from a preoccupation with innovation by means of design and the use of scaling as a metaphor for describing research contributions in agriculture and food. The case material highlights that much development is contingent, unpredictable, and unmanageable as well as unbound to fixed spaces or places. In their study of people’s daily practice, the authors do not find clear boundaries between dichotomies of internal–external, lay–expert, traditional–modern, or local–global organization, but heterogeneous blends of each. For the purposes of sustainable development, this highlights the need for attention to be paid to relationships (social, material, and biological), adaptation (the capacity to innovate), and responsibility (adherence to norms of sustainability). Far from romanticizing self-organization, the authors acknowledge that people and their institutions share varying degrees of complicity for the goods as well as the bads of their economic activity, such as mass soil degradation, agrobiodiversity loss, and poisoning by pesticides. Nevertheless, even under highly difficult conditions, certain actors effectively bypass the limitations of formal institutions in forging a socio-technical course of action (i.e., policy) for relatively healthy living and being. As such, the authors have come to appreciate self-organization as a neglected, if paradoxical, resource for policy transition towards more sustainable agriculture and food. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural research for development; agricultural innovation; food studies; self-organization; social movements agricultural research for development; agricultural innovation; food studies; self-organization; social movements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sherwood, S.; van Bommel, S.; Paredes, M. Self-Organization and the Bypass: Re-Imagining Institutions for More Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Food. Agriculture 2016, 6, 66.

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