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Agriculture 2016, 6(4), 50; doi:10.3390/agriculture6040050

Current Advances in Genomics and Breeding of Leaf Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)

Laboratory of Plant Genetics and Breeding, DAFNAE—School of Agriculture, University of Padova, Campus of Agripolis, Viale dell’Università, 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yiping Qi
Received: 1 August 2016 / Revised: 27 September 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published: 8 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Plant Disease Resistance in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Abstract

This review gives an overview of agricultural topics on a non-model species, in other words, leaf chicory. Often classified as a minor crop, “Radicchio”, the Italian name of leaf chicory, is assuming a very important role at both a local and national level, as it characterizes a high proportion of the agricultural income of suited areas. Botanical classification along the genus Cichorium is reported and a detailed description of the most important cultivated biotypes typical of northern Italy is presented. A special consideration is reserved to breeding aspects, from molecular marker-assisted selection to the implementation of the first genome draft and leaf transcriptomes. Sexual barriers, for example, self-incompatibility or male-sterility, are described in great detail with the aim to be utilized for breeding purposes. The main aspects of seed production are also critically presented. In conclusion, the present work is a sort of handbook to better understand this orphan crop and it is mainly directed to breeders and seed producers dealing with leaf chicory. View Full-Text
Keywords: Radicchio; population genetics; cultivated varieties; marker-assisted breeding Radicchio; population genetics; cultivated varieties; marker-assisted breeding
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barcaccia, G.; Ghedina, A.; Lucchin, M. Current Advances in Genomics and Breeding of Leaf Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). Agriculture 2016, 6, 50.

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