Projecting Future Change in Growing Degree Days for Winter Wheat
AbstractSouthwest Oklahoma is one of the most productive regions in the Great Plains (USA) where winter wheat is produced. To assess the effect of climate change on the growing degree days (GDD) available for winter wheat production, we selected from the CMIP5 archive, two of the best performing Global Climate Models (GCMs) for the region (MIROC5 and CCSM4) to project the future change in GDD under the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 8.5 and 4.5 future trajectories for greenhouse gas concentrations. Two quantile mapping methods were applied to both GCMs to obtain local scale projections. The local scale outputs were applied to a GDD formula to show the GDD changes between the historical period (1961–2004) and the future period (2006–2098) in terms of mean differences. The results show that at the end of the 2098 growing season, the increase in GDD is expected to be between 440 °C and 1300 °C, for RCP 4.5, and between 700 °C and 1350 °C for RCP 8.5. This increase in GDD might cause a decrease in the number of days required to reach crop maturity, as all the GCM/statistical post-processing combinations showed a decreasing trend of those timings during the 21st century. Furthermore, we conclude, that when looking at the influence of the selected GCMs and the quantile mapping methods on the GDD calculation, the GCMs differences originated from the significant spatial and temporal variations of GDD over the region and not the statistical methods tested. View Full-Text
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Description: Details of the datasets used for this project: “Statistically downscaled time series for the Red River Basin”. DOI: 10.15763/DBS.SCCSC.RR a. 1/10th of a degree observation based dataset. DOI: 10.15763/DBS.SCCSC.RR.0001 b. Downscaled climate variables from the CCSM4 GCM. DOI: 10.15763/DBS.SCCSC.RR.0002 c. Downscaled climate variables from MIROC5 GCM DOI: 10.15763/DBS.SCCSC.RR.0003
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Ruiz Castillo, N.; Gaitán Ospina, C.F. Projecting Future Change in Growing Degree Days for Winter Wheat. Agriculture 2016, 6, 47.
Ruiz Castillo N, Gaitán Ospina CF. Projecting Future Change in Growing Degree Days for Winter Wheat. Agriculture. 2016; 6(3):47.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ruiz Castillo, Natalie; Gaitán Ospina, Carlos F. 2016. "Projecting Future Change in Growing Degree Days for Winter Wheat." Agriculture 6, no. 3: 47.
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