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Agriculture 2016, 6(3), 36; doi:10.3390/agriculture6030036

Developing Mid-Tier Supply Chains (France) and Values-Based Food Supply Chains (USA): A Comparison of Motivations, Achievements, Barriers and Limitations

1
Social Sciences Department, Laboratoire d’Etudes Rurales, ISARA-Lyon, Lyon 69364, France
2
Department of Applied Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Les Copeland
Received: 22 June 2016 / Revised: 16 July 2016 / Accepted: 20 July 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
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Abstract

Mid-tier supply chains/values-based food supply chains have emerged, in both France and the United States, as viable alternatives for small and mid-sized farms that had previously struggled. These supply chains deliver more products to a larger region than short supply chains such as farm-direct markets and are distinguished from the dominant long supply chains by (1) products that are differentiated from the mainstream based on superior quality, environmental stewardship and social responsibility; and (2) the characteristics of the strategic relationships that link the supply chain participants. On the demand side, regional supermarkets, restaurants, public and private institutional buyers, and individual consumers have demonstrated their eagerness to seek out and pay premiums for these types of high-quality food products that are delivered via trusted and transparent supply chains and characterized by their authentic farming stories. The set of case studies presented in this paper (three from each country) will highlight both the parallels and differences in the development of these innovative supply chains between two countries with quite dissimilar agricultural and food sector traditions and policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: values-based food supply chains; mid-tier supply chains; comparative analysis; France/the United States values-based food supply chains; mid-tier supply chains; comparative analysis; France/the United States
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fleury, P.; Lev, L.; Brives, H.; Chazoule, C.; Désolé, M. Developing Mid-Tier Supply Chains (France) and Values-Based Food Supply Chains (USA): A Comparison of Motivations, Achievements, Barriers and Limitations. Agriculture 2016, 6, 36.

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