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Agriculture 2015, 5(4), 1252-1276; doi:10.3390/agriculture5041252

Challenges for Plant Breeders from the View of Animal Nutrition

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Bundesallee 50, Braunschweig 38116, Germany
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Academic Editor: Wayne L. Bryden
Received: 14 May 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 3 December 2015 / Published: 12 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Toxicology and Animal Nutrition)
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Abstract

The question of how to feed the growing world population is very old, but because of the increase of population and possible climate change, currently it has an explosive impact. Plant breeding can be considered as the starting point for the whole human food chain. Therefore, high, stable and highly digestible yields of phytogenic biomass with low external inputs of non-renewable resources, such as water, fuel, arable land, fertilizers, etc.; low emissions of gases with greenhouse potential during cultivation; and high resistance against biotic and abiotic stressors, including adaptation to potential climate change, and a low concentration of undesirable substances in the plants are real challenges for plant breeders in the future. Virtually unlimited resources such as sunlight, nitrogen and carbon dioxide from the air as well as the genetic pool of microbes, plants and animals can be used to breed/develop optimal plants/crops. Biofortification of plants may also be an objective of plants breeders, but it is more important for human nutrition to avoid micronutrient deficiencies. A lower concentration of undesirable substances in the plants can be considered as more important than higher concentrations of micronutrients in plants/feeds. Animal nutritionists have various possibilities for feed additive supplementation to meet animal nutrient requirements. Examples to reduce undesirable substances in feed plants are discussed and shown in the paper. In summary, plant breeding has a large and strategic potential for global feed and food security. All breeding technologies may contribute to solving important global challenges, such as sustainable use of limited global resources, improved use of unlimited resources, adaption to climate change and lowering global greenhouse gas emission. More publically supported research seems to be necessary in this field. All methods of plant breeding that contribute to a more resource-efficient production of high and stable yields of available biomass should be used/combined. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant breeding; animal protein; feeds; co-products; feed additives; biofortification; anti-nutritional factors plant breeding; animal protein; feeds; co-products; feed additives; biofortification; anti-nutritional factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Flachowsky, G.; Meyer, U. Challenges for Plant Breeders from the View of Animal Nutrition. Agriculture 2015, 5, 1252-1276.

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