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Agriculture 2015, 5(4), 1003-1019; doi:10.3390/agriculture5041003

The Shortwave Infrared Bands’ Response to Stomatal Conductance in “Conference” Pear Trees (Pyrus communis L.)

1,* , 2,†
,
1,†
,
3,4,5,†
and
1,†
1
KU Leuven, Department of Biosystems, Crop Biotechnics Division, Willem de Croylaan 34, Leuven B-3001, Belgium
2
BioStat, KU Leuven and Universiteit Hasselt, Belgium, Kapucijnenvoer 35, Blok D, Leuven B-3000, Belgium
3
KU Leuven, Department of Biosystems, Willem de Croylaan 42, Leuven B-3001, Belgium
4
IITA, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, c/o AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center, P.O. Box 10, Duluti, Arusha, Tanzania
5
Bioversity International, Willem de Croylaan 42, Leuven B-3001, Belgium
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yanbo Huang
Received: 30 July 2015 / Revised: 14 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 October 2015 / Published: 12 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote sensing for crop production and management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1921 KB, uploaded 12 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

In situ measurements consisting of stomatal conductance, air temperature, vapor pressure deficit and the spectral reflectance in the shortwave infrared (SWIR) regions of thirty “Conference” pear trees (Pyrus communis L.) were repeatedly measured for eighty-six days. The SWIR was segmented into eight regions between 1550 and 2365 nm, where distances ranged from 40–200 nm. Each of the regions was used to describe the change in canopy water status over a period of approximately three months. Stomatal conductance of the water stress treatment was first determined to be significantly different from the control group nine days after stress initiation. The most suitable SWIR region for this study had wavelengths between 1550 and 1750 nm, where the first significant difference was also measured nine days after stress was initiated. After the period of water stress ended, forty-seven days after stress was initiated, all of the trees received full irrigation, where the SWIR region between 1550 and 1750 nm determined that stomatal conductance of the stress treatment lagged behind the control group for thirty days. Using a temporal sequence of SWIR measurements, we were able to successfully measure the beginning and the recovery of water stress in pear trees. View Full-Text
Keywords: meteorological; pear trees; shortwave infrared (SWIR); stomatal conductance; water stress meteorological; pear trees; shortwave infrared (SWIR); stomatal conductance; water stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Struthers, R.; Ivanova, A.; Tits, L.; Swennen, R.; Coppin, P. The Shortwave Infrared Bands’ Response to Stomatal Conductance in “Conference” Pear Trees (Pyrus communis L.). Agriculture 2015, 5, 1003-1019.

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