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Agriculture 2013, 3(3), 310-326; doi:10.3390/agriculture3030310
Article

Evaluation of Surveillance for Documentation of Freedom from Bovine Tuberculosis

1,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 14 April 2013; in revised form: 31 May 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 24 June 2013
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Abstract: The objective was to study how surveillance for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) could be made more resource-effective in a bTB free country. A stochastic scenario tree model was developed to: (1) evaluate the sensitivity (CSe) of four surveillance system components (SSC) (i.e., meat inspection of slaughtered domestic cattle, farmed deer and pigs, and tuberculin testing of adult export cattle) given that bTB would enter one of these components, (2) estimate the probability of freedom (PFree) from bTB over time, and (3) evaluate how future alternative programmes based on visual meat inspection would affect the confidence in freedom from bTB at the very low animal-level design prevalence 0.0002% and a low probabilities of introduction (1%). All, except the export cattle component reached a PFree above 96% within five years. The PFree was slightly reduced if surveillance was changed to visual inspection, e.g., PFree was reduced from 96.5% to 94.3% in the cattle component, and from 98.5% to 97.7% in the pig component after 24 years. In conclusion, visual meat inspection of pigs and cattle will only reduce the confidence in freedom from bTB slightly. However, with negligible probability of introduction (0.1%) the PFree could be maintained well above 99% in the cattle, pigs and deer components, which highlights the importance of rigid testing and quarantine procedures in trade of livestock.
Keywords: bovine tuberculosis; livestock; meat inspection; risk-based; freedom bovine tuberculosis; livestock; meat inspection; risk-based; freedom
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Calvo-Artavia, F.F.; Alban, L.; Nielsen, L.R. Evaluation of Surveillance for Documentation of Freedom from Bovine Tuberculosis. Agriculture 2013, 3, 310-326.

AMA Style

Calvo-Artavia FF, Alban L, Nielsen LR. Evaluation of Surveillance for Documentation of Freedom from Bovine Tuberculosis. Agriculture. 2013; 3(3):310-326.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calvo-Artavia, Francisco F.; Alban, Lis; Nielsen, Liza R. 2013. "Evaluation of Surveillance for Documentation of Freedom from Bovine Tuberculosis." Agriculture 3, no. 3: 310-326.

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