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J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(3), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7030045

Organ Transplantation in Iran; Current State and Challenges with a View on Ethical Consideration

1
Department of Medical Ethics, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1985717443, Iran
2
Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1985717443, Iran
3
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj 3197619751, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 February 2018 / Published: 5 March 2018
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Abstract

Organ transplantation is a new issue in medical science. It is an important achievement and a sign of the progression and ability of medical centers around the world. Governments, populations, the medical community and people involved in culture, art, and media all have a decisive role in the culture of organ donation, which is the only way to guarantee that the healthy organs of a brain-dead person can continue to work and save the lives of people in need of organ transplantation. The brain death phenomenon and its possible application in organ transplantation, while offering new hope for the salvation of a number of patients, has led to many ethical, cultural, and legal issues. Ethical issues in organ transplantation are very complicated due to many social factors such as religion, culture, and traditions of the affected communities. The ethical and legal points of removing organs from the body of a living or cadaveric source, the definition of brain death, the moral and legal conditions of the donor and the recipient, and the financial relationship between them and many others, are all critical issues in organ transplantation. While there may be no available explicit solution to these issues, they should be rigorously considered by the experts. Efforts to systematically eliminate barriers and solve problems in organ transplantation, can not only reduce the costs of maintaining brain-dead patients and encourage patients that need organ transplantation but can also prevent immoral and illegal activities. In this paper, we have reviewed the most important and current challenges in organ transplantation with a view to the ethical considerations, and we have suggested some strategies to extend it in Iran. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethical issues; organ transplantation; organ donation; brain death; extension of organ transplantation ethical issues; organ transplantation; organ donation; brain death; extension of organ transplantation
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Kiani, M.; Abbasi, M.; Ahmadi, M.; Salehi, B. Organ Transplantation in Iran; Current State and Challenges with a View on Ethical Consideration. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 45.

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