Stromal Modulators of TGF-β in Cancer
AbstractTransforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is an intriguing cytokine exhibiting dual activities in malignant disease. It is an important mediator of cancer invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis, on the one hand, while it exhibits anti-tumor functions on the other hand. Elucidating the precise role of TGF-β in malignant development and progression requires a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in its tumor suppressor to tumor promoter switch. One important aspect of TGF-β function is its interaction with proteins within the tumor microenvironment. Several stromal proteins have the natural ability to interact and modulate TGF-β function. Understanding the complex interplay between the TGF-β signaling network and these stromal proteins may provide greater insight into the development of novel therapeutic strategies that target the TGF-β axis. The present review highlights our present understanding of how stroma modulates TGF-β activity in human cancers. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Costanza, B.; Umelo, I.A.; Bellier, J.; Castronovo, V.; Turtoi, A. Stromal Modulators of TGF-β in Cancer. J. Clin. Med. 2017, 6, 7.
Costanza B, Umelo IA, Bellier J, Castronovo V, Turtoi A. Stromal Modulators of TGF-β in Cancer. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2017; 6(1):7.Chicago/Turabian Style
Costanza, Brunella; Umelo, Ijeoma A.; Bellier, Justine; Castronovo, Vincent; Turtoi, Andrei. 2017. "Stromal Modulators of TGF-β in Cancer." J. Clin. Med. 6, no. 1: 7.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.