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J. Clin. Med. 2016, 5(8), 71; doi:10.3390/jcm5080071

Status Epilepticus: Epidemiology and Public Health Needs

1
Grupo de Neurociencias de Antioquia, University of Antioquia, Medellin 00523, Colombia
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Critical Care and Neuro-Trauma, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul M. Vespa and Gretchen M. Brophy
Received: 21 May 2016 / Revised: 8 August 2016 / Accepted: 10 August 2016 / Published: 16 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Understanding and Treatment of Status Epilepticus)
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Abstract

Status epilepticus (SE) is defined as a continuous clinical and/or electrographic seizure activity lasting five minutes or more or recurrent seizure activity without return to baseline. There is a paucity of epidemiological studies of SE, as most research is derived from small population studies. The overall incidence of SE is 9.9 to 41 per 100,000/year, with peaks in children and the elderly and with febrile seizures and strokes as its main etiologies. The etiology is the major determinant of mortality. Governments and the academic community should predominantly focus on the primary prevention of etiologies linked to SE, as these are the most important risk factors for its development. This review describes the incidence, prevalence, etiology, risk factors, outcomes and costs of SE and aims to identify future research and public health needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: epilepsy; epidemiology; public health; incidence; prevalence; etiology; prognosis; population; mortality; costs epilepsy; epidemiology; public health; incidence; prevalence; etiology; prognosis; population; mortality; costs
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Sánchez, S.; Rincon, F. Status Epilepticus: Epidemiology and Public Health Needs. J. Clin. Med. 2016, 5, 71.

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