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J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4(8), 1561-1565; doi:10.3390/jcm4081561

Ethnic/Race Diversity and Diabetic Kidney Disease

1
Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
2
Barts Health NHS Trust and Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Juan F. Navarro-González and Desirée Luis
Received: 19 May 2015 / Revised: 20 July 2015 / Accepted: 27 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diabetic Nephropathy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [84 KB, uploaded 31 July 2015]

Abstract

Ethnicity and race are often used interchangeably in the literature. However, the traditional definition of race and ethnicity is related to biological (bone structure and skin, hair, or eye color) and sociological factors (nationality, regional culture, ancestry, and language) respectively. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a huge global public health problem. As the number of individuals with Type 2 DM grows, the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), which is one of the most serious complications, is expected to rise sharply. Many ethnic and racial groups have a greater risk of developing DM and its associated macro and micro-vascular complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetic kidney disease; ethnicity; race diabetic kidney disease; ethnicity; race
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Muthuppalaniappan, V.M.; Yaqoob, M.M. Ethnic/Race Diversity and Diabetic Kidney Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4, 1561-1565.

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