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J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4(5), 979-997; doi:10.3390/jcm4050979

Clinical Characteristics, Treatments, and Prognosis of Atopic Eczema in the Elderly

Departments of Dermatology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital and Institute of Gerontology, 35-2 Sakaecho, Itabashi, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
Academic Editors: Sebastien Barbarot and Kim Thomas
Received: 19 February 2015 / Revised: 19 April 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 18 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology and Treatment of Atopic Eczema)
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Abstract

Atopic eczema (AE) in the elderly is gradually increasing and has been added to the classification of AE in recent years. This investigation retrospectively analyzed 60 patients with elderly AE. Among the clinical characteristics, a male predominance, existence of several patterns of onset and clinical course, and associations with immunoglobulin (Ig)E-allergic-status and asthmatic complication were observed. The highest positive-rate and positive-score for serum-specific IgE against Dermatophagoides farinae were 83.8% and 2.65 in patients with IgE-allergic AE, and a lower incidence of lichenified eczema in the elbow and knee folds were observed. In terms of treatments and outcomes, clinical improvement and clinical remission were observed in 80.8% and 36.5% of cases, respectively, using standard treatments and combined therapy with oral corticosteroid in severe cases. As for complications and final prognosis, most elderly AE patients reached the end of life with AE, but patients with IgE-allergic AE showed significantly lower incidences of complications of malignancy and death from malignancy. These results indicate that AE in the elderly represents a new subgroup of AE with specific features. View Full-Text
Keywords: atopic eczema; clinical characteristics; complications; elderly; immunoglobulin E; onset; outcomes; prognosis; skin manifestations; treatment atopic eczema; clinical characteristics; complications; elderly; immunoglobulin E; onset; outcomes; prognosis; skin manifestations; treatment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tanei, R. Clinical Characteristics, Treatments, and Prognosis of Atopic Eczema in the Elderly. J. Clin. Med. 2015, 4, 979-997.

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