Next Article in Journal
Performance of Carbon Nanotube/Polysulfone (CNT/Psf) Composite Membranes during Oil–Water Mixture Separation: Effect of CNT Dispersion Method
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Thermal Fluctuation on the Receptor-Mediated Adhesion of a Cell Membrane to an Elastic Substrate
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of a New Silicon Carbide Tubular Honeycomb Membrane for Treatment of Olive Mill Wastewaters
Previous Article in Special Issue
Review of Membranes for Helium Separation and Purification
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Membranes 2017, 7(1), 13; doi:10.3390/membranes7010013

Membranes with Surface-Enhanced Antifouling Properties for Water Purification

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jega Veeriah Jegatheesan
Received: 7 January 2017 / Revised: 7 February 2017 / Accepted: 27 February 2017 / Published: 5 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4283 KB, uploaded 5 March 2017]   |  


Membrane technology has emerged as an attractive approach for water purification, while mitigation of fouling is key to lower membrane operating costs. This article reviews various materials with antifouling properties that can be coated or grafted onto the membrane surface to improve the antifouling properties of the membranes and thus, retain high water permeance. These materials can be separated into three categories, hydrophilic materials, such as poly(ethylene glycol), polydopamine and zwitterions, hydrophobic materials, such as fluoropolymers, and amphiphilic materials. The states of water in these materials and the mechanisms for the antifouling properties are discussed. The corresponding approaches to coat or graft these materials on the membrane surface are reviewed, and the materials with promising performance are highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane fouling; surface modification; antifouling materials; state of water; poly(ethylene glycol); dopamine; zwitterions; fluoropolymers membrane fouling; surface modification; antifouling materials; state of water; poly(ethylene glycol); dopamine; zwitterions; fluoropolymers

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shahkaramipour, N.; Tran, T.N.; Ramanan, S.; Lin, H. Membranes with Surface-Enhanced Antifouling Properties for Water Purification. Membranes 2017, 7, 13.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Membranes EISSN 2077-0375 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top